It is always fun to design and decorate our homes. Homemakers will find this activity not only fulfilling but enjoyable too. In order to get good results, however, it’s important to know the fundamentals of interior design. This way, you will know what you’re doing and always finish off with style and class.

Unity and Harmony

Having unity and harmony in your interior design would mean adopting a common style or theme for your whole home. You can do this by looking at the totality of the spaces in your house and considering each and every part, like the rooms, hallways, stairways, etc.

While each and every item doesn’t necessarily have to be exactly identical, the objects and pattern that you use should work together and complement each other.

One example of applying unity and harmony in interior designing involves the use of color. Basically, you can use about 3 to 4 colors inside your home with varying shades.

Focal Point

As a home’s interior decoration should not be boring, there should be a focal point in every room in the house. This refers to an object or a certain area in a particular room where the eyes are instantly drawn into.

A focal point is not only dominant; it should also be interesting so as to hold one’s attention naturally. So, the living room can have the fireplace as the focal point. And this area can have additional decorations and accessories to fully enhance its presence in the room.

Unique furniture and art can also be used for this purpose. You can also make use of lighting effects, such as a spotlight, to highlight a particular object or area in your house.


You will achieve balance in interior designing when the visual aspects of a home are equally distributed. The most common method for achieving balance is through the use of symmetrical decorations, such as positioning the same objects on extreme ends of a given space.

You can also adopt the asymmetrical approach wherein different objects with the same visual weight are placed on particular spots. This is a casual approach to decorating as you can use your judgment in matching objects.


Even the tiny details in decorating are important in interior designing. Mismatched accessories can affect the overall ambiance of the entire home; and so do little things like light switches, handles, knobs, etc.

A lot of people take the small details for granted and this can result in a bad interior design. So if you are aiming to achieve a professional look inside your home, take note of this important principle in interior decoration.


Just as rhythm is needed in music, it is also a fundamental aspect in interior designing. So consider the visual patterns and organization of objects inside your home when planning to decorate it.

Repetition of the same elements includes using the same colors, fabric, texture, etc. Progression should also be taken into account; so you can employ colors of different shades when designing your home. Using objects of the same element but different sizes is also a good strategy. That’s why bundling up candles of different sizes makes for a great décor.

A smooth transition is also needed; so there should be a natural flow of elements from one room to another. This way, the eyes are entertained and pleased as one moves about in your home. Distractive elements that can disrupt the smooth flow of vision should not be included in your home’s interior design.

Contrasting objects are also effective in putting rhythm in interior designing as long as the elements are used tastefully. Using contrasting colors, such as black and white in throw pillows, can enhance your living room design. The same holds true for using square and circle styled objects as room decors.

You and Interior Designing

Interior design is a serious matter that can be handled in fun and creative ways. Keep in mind the tips you learned here so that you can apply them in your own home. You will surely love the results!